MODELING RATING OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRIES
AbstractThe subject of the article is rating assessment and development of recommendations on management of scientific and technological development of the countries. The purpose of the article is to develop an index that assesses the scientific and technological potential, the results of scientific and technological activities and the pace of changes in the scientific and technological development of different countries of the world. The following tasks are solved in the article: the model of rating estimation of scientific and technical development of the countries of the world is developed; the countries of the world are classified depending on a level of their scientific and technical development; recommendations on development of scientific and technical potential of the countries depending on the chosen groups are given. The following methods are used: indexing method, ranking and grouping. The following results were obtained: the calculations possible to identify three groups of countries according to the level of their scientific and technological development: leaders, potential leaders and "overtaking" countries. Main result of the project is to promote the development of the scientific and technological potential, to demonstrate the insignificant results of the scientific and technological activity, and to reduce the low level of development of new technologies. For each of the above groups of countries, recommendations have been made for raising the level of their scientific and technological development. Conclusions: the current stage of the world’s technological development creates new opportunities for the countries of the world to ensure their sustainable growth. Therefore, the creating and maintaining the potential of scientific and technological development, coupled with an adequate government policy of economic development, opens up tremendous opportunities for the countries to ensure global competitiveness. The study presented provides general recommendations for individual countries to improve the processes of managing scientific and technological potential of individual groups of countries. The obtained results can become the basis for the concept and strategy development of scientific and technological development of different countries of the world.
Astakhova, E., Reshetnyak, E., Ilchenko, V. (2019), "The Analysis of Trends and the Assessment of the Worldwide High-Tech Production. Development", IOP Publishing Ltd IOP, Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 272, Issue 3, Section 2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/272/3/032218.
Anholt, S.; Govers, R. (2016), "The Good Country Index", available at: https://www.goodcountry.org/acknowledgements
Gani, A. (2009), "Technological Achievement, High Technology Exports and Growth", Journal of Comparative International Management, No. 12 (2), P. 8–36.
Desai, M., Fukuda-Parr, S., Johansson, C., & Sagasti, F. (2002), "Measuring the technologyachievement of nations and the capacity to participate in the network age", Journal of Human Development, No. 3 (1), P. 95–122.
Porter, A., Rossini, F. (1985), "Peer review of interdisciplinary research", Science, Technology and Human Values, No. 10, P. 33–38.
Shahab, M. (2015), "Technology Achievement Index 2015: Mapping the Global Patterns of Technological Capacity in the Network Age", Elsevier Editorial System for Technology Forecasting & Social Change, P. 2–35.
Jones, C. (2016), "The Facts of Economic Growth Handbook of Macroeconomics", Handbook of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, Vol. 2, P. 3-69. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.hesmac.2016.03.002
Broughel, J. & Thierer, A. (2019), "Technological Innovation and Economic Growth: A Brief Report on the Evidence", Mercatus Research, Mercatus Center at George Mason University, Arlington, VA, available at : https://www.mercatus.org/system/files/broughel-technological-innovation-mercatus-research-v1.pdf.
Komkov, N. (2017), "Scientific and technological development: Limitations and opportunities", Studies on Russian Economic Development, Vol. 28, P. 472–479. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S1075700717050094
Uzunidis, D. & Boutillier, S. (2012), "Globalization of R&D and network innovation: what do we learn from the evolutionist theory?", Journal of Innovation Economics & Management, No. 10 (2), P. 23–52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3917/jie.010.0023
Cozzens, S., Bobb, K., Bortagaray, I. (2002), "Evaluating the distributional consequences of science and technology policies and programs", Research Evaluation, No. 11, P. 101–107.
Wang, L. and Li, Z. (2018), "Knowledge Transfer from Science to Technology – The Case of Nano Medical Device Technologies", Front. Res. Metr. Anal., No. 3:11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/frma.2018.00011
Diebolt, C. & Hippe, R. (2019), "The long-run impact of human capital on innovation and economic development in the regions of Europe", Applied Economics, No. 51:5, P. 542–563. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2018.1495820
Kyzym, M., Khaustova, V., Reshetnуak, O., Timohova, G., Sakhnenko, O. (2019), "Research Study of the Problems of Human Resourcing of the Scientific and Innovation Entrepreneurship", International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE), Vol. 8, Issue 3C, P. 213–218. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35940/ijrte.C1036.1183C19
Checchi, D, Malgarini, M, Sarlo, S. (2019), "Do performance‐based research funding systems affect research production and impact?", Higher Educ Q, No. 73, P. 45–69. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/hequ.12185
Rosenbloom, J., Ginther, D., Juhl, T., Heppert, J. (2015), "The Effects of Research & Development Funding on Scientific Productivity: Academic Chemistry, 1990-2009", PLoS ONE, No. 10 (9): e0138176. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138176
Korzhavykh, E. (2012), "Scientometric Assessment of the Progress of Innovative Pharmacy in Russia", Russian Journal of General Chemistry, Vol. 82, No. 3, P. 527–534.
Weingart, P. (2005), "Impact of bibliometrics upon the science system: Inadvertent consequences", Scientometrics, No. 62, P. 117–131.
Siyanbola, W., Adeyeye, A., Olaopa, O. et al. (2016), "Science, technology and innovation indicators in policy-making: the Nigerian experience", Palgrave Commun, Vol. 2, No. 16015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/palcomms.2016.15
World Bank, W. D. I. (2019), "World Development Indicators", Retrieved 2018, from The World Bank HYPERLINK, available at: http://ddp-ext.worldbank.org/
Abstract views: 15 PDF Downloads: 14
Our journal abides by the Creative Commons copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors hold the copyright without restrictions and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-commercial and non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their published work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.