RESEARCH OF DIKW AND 5C ARCHITECTURAL MODELS FOR CREATION OF CYBER-PHYSICAL PRODUCTION SYSTEMS WITHIN THE CONCEPT OF INDUSTRY 4.0
AbstractThe development of cyber-physical production systems is a complex scientific and technical task, therefore the developer needs to determine the requirements, tasks for the system being developed and choose an architectural model for its implementation. In turn, the choice of an architectural model assumes a balance for the set of requirements of persons interested in its development. In a typical case, the development of a specific cyber-physical industrial systems needs to be adapted to the means of implementation, to the realities of its future use, maintenance and evolution. Subject matter of this study are architectural models for building complex cyber-physical production systems. Goal of this article is a study of architectural models DIKW and 5C, according to the results of the decomposition of which, in the future, it will be possible to carry out a mathematical description of elementary problems of each level and their physical or simulation modeling. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to solve the following tasks: analyze the DIKW model; analyze the architectural model 5C; compare the DIKW model and the 5C architectural model, using its structural decomposition into levels, information and command channels with feedback within each structure. The research carried out is based on the methods of decomposition and formalized representation of systems. Conclusions: Based on the results of the decomposition at each structural level of the DIKW and 5C models, a decomposition structure was developed, which shows the main differences and general similarities of the models. It was revealed that the 5C model, as a common software shell that combines integrated sensors and actuators, is more suitable for solving problems of developing a cyber-physical production system, and the DIKW interpretation model is more suitable for solving problems of modifying existing systems at enterprises, and the choice of the model itself the development of a cyber-physical production system depends on the requirements of the customer, existing equipment, the level of its automation and the level of project financing.
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