STUDY OF THE INFLUENCE OF THE MODERN ROBOTISATION LEVEL ON THE CHALLENGES AND RISKS OF THE ECONOMIC SECURITY OF AN INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISEG
Keywords:Industry 4.0, robotics, digitization, risks, economic security, industrial enterprise
AbstractIndustry 4.0 envisages a comprehensive transformation of all industries by combining digital technologies and the Internet with traditional industries. It is important to emphasize that Industry 4.0 relies heavily on robotics. Robotization opens up new opportunities for an industrial enterprise, completely transforming the technologies and organization of its production process and business model. Many of today’s threats to the economic security of an industrial enterprise can be mitigated due to digitalization and flexible robotization of production and promotion of goods. But at the same time, processes related to the robotization of the economy create new threats to economic and social security. The consequences of their influence and the mechanisms of their leveling are the subject of research. The goal of the work is to study the impact of robotics on the economic security of an industrial enterprise. The following tasks are solved in the article: an overview of the areas of application and trends in the development of industrial robots; overview of the robotics market; analysis of risks and threats to the economic security of industrial enterprises arising as a result of robotization. The methods of system analysis, graphic generalization and classification are used. The results of the work include an analysis of the current state of robotics and the introduction of industrial robots in production, a brief analysis of the robotics market and a study of external challenges, uncertainties and risks arising from robotics: political-economic, technological, financial and environmental. Conclusions. The development of robotics is a priority direction for innovative industrialization not only in the long term, but also in the short term. Robotics can also become a locomotive for general economic growth, given that the most advanced developed countries are currently creating their own robotic enterprises and transferring production from developing countries to them. However, in the context of robotization, it should be taken into account that these processes, along with potential benefits for the industrial enterprise, can also create new threats to economic and social security.
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