ANALYZING THE INTERESTS AND INTERACTION OF THE PARTICIPANTS OF A TRANSPORT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
AbstractThe subject matter of the article is the communication processes of stakeholders in transport system development projects. The goal is to analyze the interests of the stakeholders of a transport project, taking into account the main differences in this industry. The article solves the following problem: the features of transport infrastructure project management are considered; the main interests of the stakeholders for transport infrastructure development projects are highlighted and their interests are analyzed; a model of interaction among stakeholders at different stages of the project life cycle is built. The following methods are applied: value approach, structural models, optimization models. The following results are obtained: the requirements of standards for project management are analyzed regarding the value approach and project management by stakeholders; the main characteristics of the transport project are considered, they include the impact on the nature of the social and economic development of a region, significant cost, duration, the interaction of state bodies and private firms; the set of stakeholders in the transport project are identified; the specific characteristics of the management of transport projects by various stakeholders are analyzed, they are expectations, goals, roles, the level of responsibility and related actions. Asymmetric and symmetric types of communications in the project are considered; a model of stakeholder relations is built as a network where there is a project manager in the centre who is connected with all other peaks and stakeholder peaks that are connected with each other, the model is formalized as a graph with multiple vertices and bidirectional links; a model of the process of interchanging the resources of project participants during its implementation is developed, the model contains resource flows (direct and inverse), takes into account the impact of stakeholders that change over the stages of the life cycle of a transport system development project. Conclusions. The conducted analysis of the interests and interaction of the project participants is the basis for developing a model for minimizing the imbalance of stakeholders' resources. The results are based on the value approach and can be used when making decisions on managing communications of a transport infrastructure development project.
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